Teaching Strategies for Reading
||Use these strategies to improve your students' reading skills. Included are articles to teach you about each concept and lesson plans with which you can implement the strategies. These are great professional development resources and are an excellent resource to ensure that you are improving your professional skill set.
- Activating Prior Knowledge
Help your students be good readers: those who constantly try to make sense out of what they read by seeing how it fits with what they already know. This method will make an excellent addition to your literature curriculum, but is also useful in science, social studies, and other subjects.
- Think Aloud Strategy
The think-aloud strategy asks students to say out loud what they are thinking about when reading, solving math problems, or simply responding to questions posed by teachers or other students. This strategy makes an excellent addition to the learning methods taught in your curriculum.
- Using "KWL" in the Classroom
KWL ("Know", "Want to Know", "Learned") charts encourage students to use prior knowledge and personal curiosity while researching a subject or a topic. This strategy is especially useful in reading classes, but is also useful in plenty of other subjects, like science and social studies.
- Questions Before, During, and After Reading
To encourage critical reading, teachers should ask students questions about the text before, during, and after they read. This method is useful for most subjects, from reading to social studies, and is an excellent way to structure literature homework.
- Question-Answer Relationships
Question-Answer Relationships, or QAR, is a reading comprehension strategy developed to encourage students to be active, strategic readers of texts.
- Literature Circles
In literature circles, students come together to discuss and respond to a book that they are reading at the same time. Students use their experiences to create meaning, make connections, and have lively discussions about the book.
- Establishing the Main Idea
An important task of reading comprehension is to determine the importance and meanings of individual words, sentences, paragraphs, sections, chapters, and entire texts. This article will help you teach your students about finding the main idea while they are reading.
Predicting involves thinking ahead while reading and anticipating information and events in the text. After making predictions, students can read through the text and refine, revise, and verify their predictions.
- Reading Aloud
When we read aloud to students, we expand their imaginations, provide new knowledge, support language acquisition, build vocabulary, and promote reading as a worthwhile, enjoyable activity.
Sequencing refers to the identification of the components of a story, such as the beginning, middle, and end. Learn here how to apply the concept of sequencing to reading and literature when teaching.
- Story Elements
The ability to identify the elements of a story (plot, characters, setting, and theme) aids in reading comprehension, leads to a deeper understanding and appreciation of stories, and helps students learn to write stories of their own.
Summarizing is more than retelling; it involves analyzing information, distinguishing important from unimportant elements and translating large chunks of information into a few short cohesive sentences. This article outlines how the act of summarizing can be used in your classroom. New teachers will find this resource particularly valuable.
Related Lesson Plans
- Questioning, Frog and Toad Together
In this lesson, you will teach students how to use Question-Answer Relationships by reading from Frog and Toad Together, by Arnold Lobel, and modeling QAR questions as you read.
- Primary Question-Answer Relationships
Use a lesson that introduces the Question-Answer Relationship strategy to primary students. Students should be able to differentiate between a question and a statement, and to generate questions before, during, and after reading.
- Intermediate Question-Answer Relationships
Use a lesson that introduces the Question-Answer Relationship strategy to intermediate students. Students should be able to differentiate between a question and a statement, and to generate questions before, during, and after reading.
- Story Elements: Danny and the Dinosaur
Use a lesson that introduces primary students to the elements of a story that is read aloud. Students begin by identifying the beginning, middle, and end of the story, and then use a story map to organize the story elements.
- Summarizing an O. Henry Short Story
During this high school language arts lesson, students will summarize, verbally and in writing, the short story "Confessions of a Humorist" by O. Henry.
- Summarizing a John F. Kennedy Speech
During this high school language arts lesson, students will summarize, verbally and in writing, a speech that John F. Kennedy gave about the need for America to land a man on the moon.
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