Substitute Teacher Kit
An Ocean Adventure (Grades 3-4)
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Social Studies – Earth's Oceans
Materials: map of the world, Earth's Oceans Activity Sheet
|•||Display a classroom map or refer students to a map in a textbook.|
|•||Direct their attention to the water on Earth, explaining that water covers 3/4 of Earth's surface.|
|•||Point out that water from all the oceans is connected, but that we give separate names to each ocean.|
|•||Distribute Earth's Oceans Activity Sheet and have students work in pairs or small groups to label the map and answer the questions.|
Science - Food Chains
Materials: reference materials, pencil, paper
|•||Write the words "food chain" on the board. Explain that in a food chain several kinds of living things are linked because each uses the next as food. (Example: Wolves, owls, snakes, mice, and seeds make up a food chain.)|
|•||Use classroom books, reference books, or online references to help students find information about ocean food chains.|
|•||Encourage them to draw the food chains, adding arrows to show what each living thing eats.|
Reading/Language Arts - My Life in the Ocean
Materials: paper, pencil
|•||Work with the class to brainstorm an extensive list of ocean animals, such as shark, whale, dolphin, manatee, sea lion, squid, crab, lobster, and starfish.|
|•||Each student can select an animal and write a short story from that animal's perspective.|
|•||Prompt them by asking questions such as: Where do you live? What do you eat? What plants and animals are around you? What enemies do you have?|
|•||Have students use classroom or online encyclopedias to gather facts. Or encourage them to use their imaginations to write creative stories about their animals.|
Math - How Deep Are the Oceans?
Materials: paper, pencil
|•||Display the following information: |
Depth of Four Oceans (Average):
|•||Invite students to write math questions related to the number facts. Examples: Which ocean is the deepest? How deep would the Arctic Ocean be if it were 1,000 feet deeper?|
|•||Invite students to exchange their math problems with a partner and challenge them to solve the problems. Once students have completed their problems, encourage them to switch partners and repeat the process.|
Physical Education - Big Sharks and Little Fish
|•||Take students outside or to a large open room.|
|•||Ask a child to stand on one side of the play area and pretend to be the big shark.|
|•||Have the other children stand on the opposite side of the play area and pretend to be little fish.|
|•||Identify a wall, tree, swingset, or other object as the "boat."|
|•||When you give a signal (such as clapping your hands), little fish try to "swim" to the boat without being tagged by the shark.|
|•||Little fish that get tagged become sharks in the next round.|
|•||Play as many rounds as it takes to have only one little fish left. He or she is the winner.|
Art - An Ocean Mural
Materials: craft paper, art supplies
|•||Lay a large sheet of craft paper on the floor and invite students to create an ocean scene. Their scene should include both ocean plants and animals.|
|•||Have them write labels for each item in the scene.|
|•||Guide them to title the mural.|
|•||Display the finished product on a wall or window.|
Distribute Our Amazing Oceans Activity Sheet to the students. Invite them to use art supplies to create an ocean board game that they can play with their classmates. Encourage them to use online and offline reference materials to find additional facts for their board game.
Encourage students to tell what they've learned about oceans. Write their ideas on chart paper. Then help them make a list of questions they still have. Challenge individuals to find the answers to the questions and to share information with the class.
Asian-Pacific-American Heritage Month
May is Asian-Pacific-American Heritage Month! Don't overlook this opportunity to study and enjoy activities about the history and culture of Asian-Pacific American communities.
The recent rash of tornadoes in Oklahoma, which killed at least two dozen people, may have your students wondering why such natural disasters occur, how they may be affected by them, and what they can do to help. Use these resources to teach the geography of Oklahoma and the Southwestern United States, to explain tornadoes, and to discuss the resulting crises with your class.
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May Calendar of Events
May is full of holidays and events that you can incorporate into your standard curriculum. Our Educators' Calendar outlines activities for each event, including: Backyard Games Week (5/23-29) and Memorial Day (5/27). Plus, celebrate Asian-Pacific-American Heritage Month, Clean Air Month, and Physical Fitness & Sports Month all May long!
Common Core Lessons & Resources
Is your school district adopting the Common Core? Work these new standards into your curriculum with our reading, writing, speaking, social studies, and math lessons and activities. Each piece of content incorporates the Common Core State Standards into the activity or lesson.