Earthquake in Indonesia, April 2012
||The April 2012 earthquake in Indonesia may have your students wondering why such natural disasters occur, how they may be affected by them, and what they can do to help. Use these resources to teach the history and geography of Indonesia, to explain earthquakes, and to discuss the resulting crises with your class. We have facts about the Asian country, visuals of faults and seismic waves, and worksheets and lessons about plate tectonics.
- Indonesia – Country Profile
Indonesia gained independence from the Dutch in 1945. Read this country profile of Indonesia to learn about the history, government, geography and economy of this archipelago in Southeast Asia consisting of 17,000 islands.
- Eyewitness: Earth
Learn how animals, plants, and the environment interact in this spectacular, thought-provoking and highly informative guide to the fascinating story of the Earth. Superb, full-color photography of geological equipment, rocks, minerals and 3-D models reveals the ideas and discoveries that have changed our understanding of the world in which we live.
Maps of Asia and Surrounding Areas
Show your students where Indonesia is located on one of these maps.
Safety Preparation Materials
Teaching Disasters & Crises
Earthquake Worksheets (Gr. 2–5)
Earthquake Worksheets (Gr. 6–12)
- What Is the Ring of Fire?
Students answer questions about the Ring of Fire, interpret a map, and consider the effects of earthquakes, volcanoes, and fault lines.
Earthquake Lessons & Activities (Gr. 5–12)
- Earth Processes: Family Activity
Suggest a family activity to parents that focuses on Earth processes such as earthquakes, volcanoes, and plate tectonics, and on vocabulary words related to Earth.
- Earthquake Waves
In this activity, students create model buildings from toothpicks. Using Jell-O, sand, and modeling clay, they then simulate earthquake activity to test the stability of their structures.
- Modeling Plate Boundaries
Students create a model for each of three types of plate boundaries: transform boundary, divergent boundary, and convergent boundary. Assesses their understanding of plate tectonics and plate boundaries. Scoring rubric and background notes included.
- Modeling Plate Movement
Students develop a working model of plate divergence at the mid-ocean ridge and plate convergence at a trench. Assesses their understanding of the processes of sea-floor spreading, plate divergence, and plate convergence, which shape the ocean floor. Scoring rubric and background notes included.
- Plate Tectonics and Earthquakes Activity
Using reference materials, students research the location of ten earthquakes and complete a chart with the latitude and longitude for each location. Then, they plot each location on a map and determine which tectonic plates moved to cause each earthquake.
- Modeling the Effects of Fault Movements
Students create a model to show the effects of strike-slip, normal, and reverse faults on a surface feature, such as a river, road, or fence. Assesses their understanding of the different types of stress that occur in Earth's crust, and the different kinds of faults these stresses cause. Scoring rubric and background notes included.
Other Natural Disasters
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