Booker T. Washington
Birthplace: Franklin County, VA
Graduate of Hampton University, 1875
After the Civil War, Washington worked in salt furnaces and coal mines
and attended school part time, until he was able to enter the Hampton
Institute in Virginia. After three years at Hampton (1872-75), he instructed,
developed, and ran other schools and universities. Under his direction,
Tuskegee Institute became one of the leading African-American educational
institutions in America. Washington believed that it was foolish for blacks
to fight for social equality before they obtained economic equality. Washington
organized the National Negro Business League (1900), a group committed
to Black economic independence. He received honorary degrees from Dartmouth
and Harvard. His published works include his autobiography, Up from
Slavery (1901, repr. 1963), The Future of the American Negro
(1899), Tuskegee and Its People (1905, repr. 1969), Life of
Frederick Douglass (1907, repr. 1968), The Story of the Negro
(1909, repr. 1969), and My Larger Education (1911).
Booker T. National Monument
The National Park Services site concerning Washington's home.
Today in History
Library of Congress page about Washington.
|Return to the Encyclopedia
of Prominent African Americans.
The end of the school year is quickly approaching! Celebrate with fun activities, then prepare yourself and your students with report card advice, summer reading guides, summer math, and more.
Common Core Lessons & Resources
Is your school district adopting the Common Core? Work these new standards into your curriculum with our reading, writing, speaking, social studies, and math lessons and activities. Each piece of content incorporates the Common Core State Standards into the activity or lesson.
Top 10 Galleries
Explore our most popular Top 10 galleries, from Top 10 Behavior Management Tips for the Classroom and Top 10 Classroom Organization Tips from Veteran Teachers to Top 10 Free (& Cheap) Rewards for Students and Top 10 Things Every Teacher Needs in the Classroom. We'll help you get organized and prepared for every classroom situation, holiday, and more! Check out all of our galleries today.
June Calendar of Events
June is full of holidays and events that you can incorporate into your standard curriculum. Our Educators' Calendar outlines activities for each event, including: Summer Begins (6/21), Helen Keller's Birthday (6/27/1880), World War I Began (6/28/1914), and Meteor Day (6/30). Plus, celebrate Child Vision Awareness Month, National Rivers Month, and National Safety Month all June long!
Causes We Support: We Give Books
Visit We Give Books, an ever-growing, free online library of children's picture books! For every book read on the site, a brand-new book will be donated to a children's literacy campaign of your choosing. Read aloud to students or encourage them read independently, and you'll teach them to help others at the same time. Giving is as simple as reading!